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The Care of Young Children Miss Alice Ravenhill

The Care of Young Children

Miss Alice Ravenhill

Published September 27th 2015
ISBN : 9781330133118
Paperback
32 pages
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 About the Book 

Excerpt from The Care of Young ChildrenA common expression when a child shows a marked resemblance to some near relation is to describe him as a chip of the old block.Now, if a block of marble be subjected to close examination it will be found toMoreExcerpt from The Care of Young ChildrenA common expression when a child shows a marked resemblance to some near relation is to describe him as a chip of the old block.Now, if a block of marble be subjected to close examination it will be found to consist of countless myriads of particles, welded together into a compact mass. Similarly, a human body is composed of millions of microscopic particles, called cells, from which are built up bone and muscle, nerves, and all its other parts.At first glance, all blocks of marble and all human bodies seem to resemble each other so closely that it is hard to distinguish between them when we see them for the first time. But a more careful examination will in each case reveal peculiarities possessed by each individual, whether block of marble or human body. No two chips off a block are identical, much less are two human beings ever exactly alike. Infinitely minute as are the cells which build up our bodies, nevertheless their characteristics and combinations are influenced in some mysterious way by our ancestors.If we count theNumber Of These Ancestorseven to the tenth generation only (two parents, four grandparents, eight great-grandparents, and so on), we shall find to our surprise that more than a thousand forbears have been transmitting more or less of their personality to us in the course of about 250 years. Pursue the calculation for a further period of 250 years and our brains will reel at the formidable number of those who have contributed to our make-up, moral, mental, or physical. (See Fig. 1.) Thus, each child, while a veritable chip of the old family block, is also a distinct individual, in whom the admixture of family features and characteristics results in a new blend. Sir Francis Galton has foretold that at no distant date a careful record will be kept in every home of the life-history of its inmates, so that among the most cherished possessions of the Empire will be itsGolden Book Of Thriving Families,containing the unblemished chronicles of a healthful, moral people, proud of their distinguished ancestry (distinguished by freedom from disease and vice), proud of their capacity to furnish their country with a sane and sound population.But, though every child has certain definite characteristics inherited from his parents, he has others which are acquired through his own experience in life- that is to say, every individual is the result of two forces -Nature And Nurture-and it is extremely difficult to determine which of these two plays the more important part in the production of those characteristics which, when found in combination, we call health. Speaking broadly, we may say thatHeredity Or Racehas much influence in such particulars as the build of a child, the colour of hair and eyes, the type of feature, etc. On the other hand, diseases are not usually inherited, though it must be clearly understood that predisposition to disease is commonly transmitted from parent to offspring. Take, for example,The Case Of Consumption.There are certain families whose children are predisposed to this disease- that is to say, the constitution of the children is such that it provides a better soil for the seeds of consumption to grow in than do the bodies of children not so predisposed.Again, there are families naturally resistant to certain forms of disease, who, owing toBad Home Conditions Or To Bad Personal Habits,have had their powers of resistance so much weakened that they become susceptible to infection.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com